Argentina and the province of Mendoza have the particular treasure of the world's highest mountains: Cerro Aconcagua, which at 6962 meters is the highest peak in the Western and Southern Hemisphere.
Located in the Aconcagua Provincial Park, the "Colossus of America" is the goal of climbers from all over the world as well as an attraction to thousands of tourists per year who come enjoy its natural beauty and treasure this unique and magnificent experience.
The first is the simplest route that gives the Mount and is the most commonly used by mountaineers (75% of promotions to the summit are made by this route).
The Polacos Route is more difficult and it is necessary to have technical knowledge of mountaineering to confront it. Despite that is known worldwide for its natural attractions and its beutiful scenery.
Aconcagua is a preferred destination due to the physical and psychological demands it poses to climbers, its climate and the beauty of the surrounding scenery. It is the highest mountain in the Southern Hemisphere and one of the most sought after in the seven-thousand meter circuit. It is also special as an introduction to big heights since its elevation and geographic and weather conditions constitute an ideal setting both for moderate demands and as preparation for the more exacting challenges posed by the eight-thousand meter and other peaks in the Himalayas.
The englishman Edward Fitz Gerald led a European team of nine men, together with the Swiss Matthias Zurbriggen as chief guide. Zurbriggen himself on January 14, 1897 reached the summit of mount Aconcagua.
At that time there were no shelters, maps or traced routes, just the immensity of the mountain, the cold, the wind and altitude sickness.
There are more than 33 variants of routes to ascend to the top of the Mount, but two main (and its variants) are the most widely used: the so-called Normal Route (northwest) and Glaciar de los Polacos Route.
Finally, the path less used and the most dangerous is the so-called Pared Sur (Southern Wall). The same is visible from the camp in Plaza Francia very few climbers in the world can claim to have done.
Undoubtedly the most important is the base camp Plaza de Mulas. There the majority of climbers conducting the process of acclimatization before beginning the ascent to the top of the Mount. It is located at 4300 meters above sea level and has various facilities for the mountaineer or enthusiastic, as communications, mountain hotel, dining tents, nursing, and so on.
This camp is located at the bottom of the Mount and from there you can get a perfect view of it.
You can access the camp season (November 15 to March 15) through guided trekking 5 or 7 days.
In 3 days can make a trek to the camps called for approximation such as Confluencia and Plaza Francia. From the second one you can admire the impressive South face of the Mount.